- mosquito-borne flavivirus
- transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
- ~80% of persons infected with Zika virus are asymptomatic
- symptoms generally mild, fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis
- last days to one week.
- Sporadic cases and outbreaks in Africa and Southeast Asia
- 2015, first local Zika virus transmission in Americas reported in Brazil
- local transmission now in several countries in the Americas
- current outbreak in Brazil
- marked increase in number of infants born with microcephaly
- Zika virus infections confirmed in some infants with microcephaly
- not known how many cases of microcephaly are actually associated with Zika virus infection
Fauci, Anthony S., and David M. Morens. “Zika Virus In The Americas — Yet Another Arbovirus Threat”. New England Journal of Medicine (2016): 160113142101009. Web. 14 Jan. 2016.
New York State Department of Health Information on Zika Virus Testing. https://apps.health.ny.gov/pub/cgi-bin/applinks/pubforms/AlertAcknowledge2?AID=55306321uts93zkc0