The Modified Ramsay Scale:
- first scoring system for evaluating sedation in mechanically ventilated patients
- four levels of sedation (3-6) and one level of agitation (1)
- lack of scientific validation, but used in many ICUs
Marino, Paul L, Kenneth M Sutin, and Paul L Marino. The Little ICU Book Of Facts And Formulas. Philadelphia: Wolter Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009. Print.